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The Effect of Adverse Maternal Care in Socially Housed Rhesus Macaques

McMurray, Matthew (2012)
Honors Thesis (54 pages)
Committee Chair / Thesis Adviser: Gouzoules, Sarah
Committee Members: Kingston, John ; Sanchez, Mar
Research Fields: Anthropology, Physical; Psychology, Behavioral; Education, Early Childhood
Keywords: Rhesus; maternal abuse; Sanchez; temperament; inhibition; early maltreatment; child abuse; exploration; macaque
Program: College Honors Program, Anthropology
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Abstract The Effect of Adverse Maternal Care in Socially Housed Rhesus Macaques In this study, rhesus macaques ( Macaca mulatta) were used to study differences in rates of infant exploration, vocalization, and attachment to the mother between maltreated and control infants. Results indicated that maltreated infants are more behaviorally inhibited and less likely to call for help compared to control infants. Males also engaged in more exploration away from the mother compared to females who, in turn, had higher rates of proximal exploration. These findings are valuable because they suggest that there are early behavioral differences between maltreated and control infants.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents -- Chapter Page -- 1. BACKGROUND...1 -- 2. INTRODUCTION...3 -- Maltreatment in Humans...3 -- Maltreatment in Non-human Primates...7 -- Laboratory Temperament Assessment Battery...11 -- 3. METHODS AND MATERIALS...14 -- Subjects...14 -- Procedures...18 -- Behavioral Scoring...20 -- Statistical Analysis...20 -- 4. RESULTS...22 -- 5. DISCUSSION...27 -- 6. CONCLUSION...35 -- 7. APPENDIX...36 -- 8. REFERENCES...42


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