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How did U.S. Prohibition affect human capital? An analysis of long-term effects of prenatal alcohol exposure

Zhang, Ruhan (2015)
Honors Thesis (40 pages)
Committee Chair / Thesis Adviser: Francis-Tan, Andrew
Committee Members: Carlson, Leonard A ; Franzosi, Roberto
Research Fields: Economics, General; Health Sciences, Public Health
Keywords: Fetal Alcohol Syndrome; U.S. Prohibition
Program: College Honors Program, Economics
Permanent url: http://pid.emory.edu/ark:/25593/pjr6w

Abstract

Using data from IPUMS 1960-80 U.S. Census, this paper evaluates how human capital changes under a nationwide alcohol consumption reduction. Before the United States Constitution first introduced the national ban of alcoholic beverages, every state had established different levels of local option laws and even state laws of similar kinds. The introduction of the Eighteenth Amendment and the repeal of it in the Twenty-first Amendment provide a natural experimental framework for examining how maternal prenatal alcohol exposure can possibly generate huge long-term differences among children. Census data reveal that cohorts in utero when the law was strongly enforced show significantly reduced rates of physical disability, increased educational attainment, and higher possibility of marriage.

Table of Contents

Introduction.........................................................................................................................1

Historical Background............................................................................................................3

Literature Review..................................................................................................................5

Data and Empirical Models......................................................................................................8

Discussions.........................................................................................................................14

Limitations..........................................................................................................................18

Conclusions.........................................................................................................................19

References..........................................................................................................................20

Tables and Figures................................................................................................................24


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