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The Past, Present, and Potential of Hinglish in India

Levy, Mackenzie (2017)
Honors Thesis (93 pages)
Committee Chair / Thesis Adviser: Samei, Hossein
Committee Members: Samarth, Brajesh ; Tuten, Donald
Research Fields: Linguistics; South Asian studies
Keywords: Hindi; Urdu; Hinglish; Sociolinguistics
Program: College Honors Program, Linguistics
Permanent url: http://pid.emory.edu/ark:/25593/s0j3v

Abstract

This paper examines the current status of Hinglish as a developing bilingual mixed language, as determined by its grammatical complexity, creation as an identity marker for a bilingual speech community, and use throughout all domains of life. To speculate on the future of Hinglish in India, I look at the history of Hindi and Urdu as an indicator of issues likely to be important in the society's evaluation of a contact language's development. I also identify rural villages, south India, and government institutions as possible key players in the acceptance or rejection of Hinglish as an official language that would ease both regional linguistic tensions and educational hurdles posed by the heavily Sanskritized Hindi currently in use.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction................................................................................................. 1

2. A Short Linguistic History of North India...................................................... 3

3. Hinglish............................................................................................................ 14

3.1 Description of Hinglish.................................................................................. 16

Morphology........................................................................................................ 18

Gender and Case.............................................................................................. 18

Syntax.......................................................................................................... 19

Sounds and Script............................................................................................ 21

3.2 Classification................................................................................................ 22

4. Media and Contexts.................................................................................... 28

5. Current Strength.......................................................................................... 31

6. Lessons from Urdu and Hindi............................................................................... 33

6.1 Linguistic Differentiation......................................................................... 34

6.2 Literature.......................................................................................................... 36

6.3 Orthography............................................................................................. 38

6.4 Religion...................................................................................................... 41

6.5 Social Status................................................................................................... 47

6.6 Institutional Support.............................................................................. 49

7. The Future of Hinglish...................................................................................... 51

7.1 Hinglish in Rural India.................................................................................. 52

7.2 Hinglish in South India........................................................................ 56

7.3 Hinglish in Government............................................................................... 60

7.4 The Future of Hindi..................................................................................... 64

8. Conclusion............................................................................................. 70

9. References.................................................................................................... 72

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